Dysfunctions of potassium and magnetic economy are often underestimated by patients. Potassium deficiency usually results from abnormal functioning of the kidneys and digestive tract or insufficient supplementation of this element. Similar abnormalities are also due to magnesium deficiency. What are the most common causes of potassium and magnesium disorders in the body?
The first causes of potassium and magnesium deficiency can be found in a poorly balanced diet. Another element influencing the disturbances of the properties of elements is their improper absorption caused by chronic diseases. Potassium deficiency has a direct effect on the concentration of magnesium. These elements complement each other and are interdependent. A double supplementation of both potassium and magnesium is therefore required. Please note that the magnesium and potassium requirements increase with age.
Causes and first symptoms of potassium and magnesium deficiency
Possible causes of potassium deficiency:
- Insufficient supply of potassium
- Protein-energy malnutrition
- Increased influx of potassium to cells
- Stimulation of receptors
- Rapid cellular proliferation
- Periodic hypokalaemic shock
- Excessive sweating
- Vomiting, diarrhea.
- Bartter syndrome, Gitelman syndrome, Liddle syndrome, Cushing syndrome...
- Condition after acute renal failure
- Congenital adrenal hypertrophy
The role of potassium and magnesium
All adverse effects of the preparations concern mainly the gastrointestinal tract. Adequate supplementation of potassium, magnesium and sodium ensures the maintenance of internal homeostasis of the body. The role of these three elements is extremely important, because insufficient amount of one of them guarantees the appearance of the first symptoms of deficiency. Magnesium is the fourth quantitative cation in the human body and the second intracellular cation after potassium. As an activator and cofactor of enzymes, it actively participates in metabolic processes of proteins, nucleic acids, lipids and carbohydrates. Moreover, it participates in the transport of electrolytes through cell membranes. It also participates in the proper contractions of the heart muscle.
A wide range of magnesium and potassium based supplements is available for sale. The absorption of magnesium and potassium depends mainly on the body's assimilability. It is believed that the highest assimilability of magnesium occurs in the form of organic magnesium citrate. Lower levels of element absorption may be caused by the consumption of a large amount of sweets, coffee, alcohol and free fatty acids.