All undesirable effects of drugs and dietary supplements appear at the moment of sensitization to any component and when there has been some interaction between other given chemical substances. If, after taking the drug, any disturbing symptoms appear, you should report them to your doctor as soon as possible. What are the most common side effects of medicines and how to deal with them?
Side effects of drugs depend on the amount of ingested dose and the mechanisms of the body itself. Most often these are all adverse and unintended effects that occur in the patient during or after taking the drug. Side effects can be divided according to the mechanism of formation, their severity and frequency of occurrence.
Pharmacological distribution of adverse reactions:
Pharmacology distinguishes 6 types of adverse reactions that occur after taking a specific dose. These are them:
- Type A - dose-dependent adverse reactions
- Type B - dose-independent adverse reactions
- Type C - adverse reactions dependent on chronic use
- Type D - undesirable effects delayed in time
- Type E - withdrawal side effects
- Type F - adverse reactions due to lack of pharmacological efficacy
So-called side effects occurring due to substances in analgesics occur at different frequencies. Most often it is indicated by a leaflet attached to the package. It is on it that the most frequently reported and registered side effects of the drug appear, which have been documented. They are broken down by frequency. The following are mentioned: very frequent, frequent, not very frequent, rare and very rare.
Most common side effects of drugs
Depending on the type of side effects, various side effects are mentioned, which can have a mild or very heavy substrate, sometimes leading to irreversible changes or death of the patient. The first type includes coughing after ACE inhibitors, pupil stenosis, liver damage after taking too many doses, bleeding while taking anticoagulants. Actions appearing in type B include skin inflammation, angioedema and anaphylactic shock. Type C describes the activities such as subcutaneous lipodystrophy of tissue, renal failure, etc. In the case of the fourth type of side effects, they may appear even a month or a few or more months after the end of therapy with a given drug. Type E side effects are caused by a sudden withdrawal of a medicine. Particularly dangerous if used for a longer period of time. An example is the intensification of epileptic seizures or the occurrence of abstinence syndrome. The latter type determines the side effects that occur after a failure in pharmacology. It most often appears in antibiotic resistance.